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martyrdom Archives - Sikhism Knowledge

Martyrdom Week Timeline – Shaheedi Hafta

By | Sikh History | No Comments

Timeline of Martyrdom Week when Wadde Sahibzaade Sahibzada Ajit Singh ji,Sahibzada Jujhaar Singh Ji, and Chhotte Sahibzaade Sahibzada Zorawar Singh Ji and Sahibzada Fateh Singh ji got shaheedi at Chamkaur Sahib and Fatehgarh Sahib respectively.

* ਸ਼ਹੀਦੀ ਹਫਤਾ *
20 ਦਸੰਬਰ ਤੋਂ 27 ਦਸੰਬਰ ਤੱਕ

6 ਪੋਹ /20 ਦਸੰਬਰ : ਸਵੇਰੇ ਗੁਰੂ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਨੇ ਪਰਿਵਾਰ ਸਮੇਤ ਅਨੰਦਪੁਰ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਦਾ ਕਿਲਾ ਛੱਡਿਆ ।

6 ਪੋਹ /20 ਦਸੰਬਰ : ਦੀ ਰਾਤ ਗੁਰੂ ਜੀ ਅਤੇ ਵਡੇ ਸਾਹਿਬਜ਼ਾਦੇ ਕੋਟਲਾ ਨਿਹੰਗ ਰੋਪੜ ਵਿਖੇ ਨਿਹੰਗ ਖਾਂ ਕੋਲ ਰਹੇ

ਛੋਟੇ ਸਾਹਿਬਜ਼ਾਦੇ ਅਤੇ ਮਾਤਾ ਗੁਜਰੀ ਜੀ ਕੁੰਮੇ ਮਾਸ਼ਕੀ ਦੀ ਝੁਗੀ ਵਿਚ ਰਹੇ

7 ਪੋਹ/21 ਦਸੰਬਰ : ਗੁਰੂ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਅਤੇ ਵਡੇ ਸਾਹਿਬਜ਼ਾਦੇ ਸ਼ਾਮ ਤੱਕ ਚਮਕੌਰ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਪਹੁੰਚੇ

ਛੋਟੇ ਸਾਹਿਬਜ਼ਾਦੇ ਅਤੇ ਮਾਤਾ ਗੁਜਰੀ ਜੀ ਨੂੰ ਗੰਗੂ ਬ੍ਰਾਹਮਣ ਆਪਣੇ ਪਿੰਡ ਖੇੜੀ ਲੈ ਗਿਆ

8 ਪੋਹ/ 22 ਦਸੰਬਰ : ਚਮਕੋਰ ਗੜੀ ਦੀ ਜੰਗ ਸ਼ੁਰੂ ਹੋਈ ਬਾਬਾ ਅਜੀਤ ਸਿੰਘ ਜੀ ਉਮਰ 17 ਸਾਲ ਭਾਈ ਮੋਹਕਮ ਸਿੰਘ (ਪੰਜਾ ਪਿਆਰਿਆਂ ਵਿਚੋਂ ) ਅਤੇ 7 ਹੋਰ ਸਿੰਘਾ ਨਾਲ ਸ਼ਹੀਦ ਹੋਏ

ਬਾਬਾ ਜੁਝਾਰ ਸਿੰਘ ਉਮਰ 14 ਸਾਲ ਭਾਈ ਹਿੰਮਤ ਸਿੰਘ ਅਤੇ ਭਾਈ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਸਿੰਘ (ਪੰਜਾ ਪਿਆਰਿਆਂ ਵਾਲੇ ) ਅਤੇ ਤਿੰਨ ਹੋਰ ਸਿੰਘਾਂ ਸਮੇਤ ਸ਼ਹੀਦ ਹੋਏ ਅਤੇ

8 ਪੋਹ / 22 ਦਸੰਬਰ : ਨੂੰ ਹੀ ਮੋਰਿੰਡੇ ਦੇ ਚੋਧਰੀ ਗਨੀ ਖਾਨ ਅਤੇ ਮਨੀ ਖਾਨ ਮਾਤਾ ਗੁਜਰ ਕੌਰ ਜੀ ਅਤੇ ਛੋਟੇ ਸਾਹਿਬਜ਼ਾਦਿਆਂ ਨੂੰ ਗੰਗੂ ਦੇ ਘਰੋਂ ਗ੍ਰਿਫਤਾਰ ਕਰਕੇ ਤੁਰ ਪਏ

9 ਪੋਹ / 23 ਦਿਸੰਬਰ : ਨੂੰ ਰਾਤ ਰਹਿੰਦੀ ਤੜਕ ਸਾਰ ਗੁਰੂ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਸਿੰਘਾ ਦੇ ਹੁਕਮ ਅੰਦਰ ਚਮਕੋਰ ਦੀ ਗੜੀ ਵਿਚੋਂ ਨਿਕਲ ਗਏ

9 ਪੋਹ /23 ਦਿਸੰਬਰ : ਦੀ ਰਾਤ ਦਸ਼ਮੇਸ਼ ਜੀ ਨੇ ਮਾਛੀਵਾੜੇ ਦੇ ਜੰਗਲ ਵਿੱਚ ਅਤੇ ਦਾਦੀ ਸਮੇਤ ਸਾਹਿਬਜ਼ਾਦਿਆਂ ਨੇ ਸਰਹਿੰਦ ਦੇ ਠੰਡੇ ਬੁਰਜ ਵਿਚ ਗੁਜਾਰੀ

10 ਅਤੇ 11 ਪੋਹ/ 24 ਅਤੇ 25 ਦਸੰਬਰ : ਦੋ ਦਿਨ ਸਾਹਿਬਜ਼ਾਦਿਆਂ ਨੂੰ ਸਰਹਿੰਦ ਦੇ ਸੂਬੇ ਨਵਾਬ ਵਜ਼ੀਰ ਖਾਨ ਦੀ ਕਚਹਿਰੀ ਵਿਚ ਪੇਸ਼ ਕੀਤਾ ਗਿਆ ਅਤੇ

ਪਿਤਾ ਦਸ਼ਮੇਸ਼ ਜੀ ਉੱਚ ਦੇ ਪੀਰ ਬਣ ਪਿੰਡ ਆਲਮਗੀਰ ਤੱਕ ਸਫਰ ਵਿੱਚ ਰਹੇ

12 ਪੋਹ / 26 ਦਸੰਬਰ: ਬਾਬਾ ਜ਼ੋਰਾਵਰ ਸਿੰਘ ਉਮਰ 7 ਸਾਲ ਅਤੇ ਬਾਬਾ ਫਤਿਹ ਸਿੰਘ ਉਮਰ 5 ਸਾਲ ਸੀ ਦੋਵੇਂ ਨੀਹਾਂ ਵਿੱਚ ਚਿਣ ਕੇ ਸ਼ਹੀਦ ਕੀਤੇ ਗਏ।

ਮਾਤਾ ਗੁਜਰ ਕੌਰ ਜੀ ਠੰਢੇ ਬੁਰਜ ਵਿੱਚ ਸਵਾਸ ਤਿਆਗ ਗਏ।

13 ਪੋਹ ./ 27 ਦਸੰਬਰ ਨੂੰ ਤਿੰਨਾ ਦਾ ਦੇਹ ਸਸਕਾਰ ਸਤਿਕਾਰ ਯੋਗ ਮੋਤੀ ਰਾਮ ਮਹਿਰਾ ਅਤੇ ਟੋਡਰ ਮੱਲ ਨੇ ਮਿਲ ਕੇ ਕੀਤਾ ।

Bhai Dayala Ji

By | Famous Sikhs, Sikh Martyrs

bhai dayala ji

Bhai Dayala ji (died 1675) variously spelt as Bhai Dayala, Bhai Diala, was one of the earliest martyrs to the Sikh faith. Along with his companions Bhai Mati Das and Bhai Sati Das as well as Ninth Guru, Guru Tegh Bahadur, Bhai Dayala was martyred at Chandni Chowk at Delhi in November 1675 for his refusal to barter his faith.

Bhai Dayala was one of the Sikhs who accompanied Guru Tegh Bahadur when the latter left Anandpur on 11 July 1675 to court martyrdom at Delhi, the other two were brothers—Bhai Mati Das, a Dewan and Bhai Sati Das, a Scribe at Guru’s court. Along with Ninth Guru ji, they were arrested under orders from Emperor Aurangzeb at Agra. On 9 November 1675 A.D, the Qazi pronounced his religious order that Bhai Dayala must either accept Islam or be prepared to embrace death by being boiled in a cauldron. Bhai Dayala heroically accepted the latter alternative and asked leave of the Guru. The Guru graced Bhai Dayala for his lifelong devotion as a true and dedicated Sikh and blessed him with glory and success. Bhai Dayala was put into a big cauldron full of water which was later heated to the boiling point. Bhai Dayala continued to his last breath to recite the Japjiof Guru Nanak and the Sukhmani of Guru Arjan.

Bhai Haqiqat Rai

By | Famous Sikhs

bhai haqiqat rai

Bhai Haqiqat Rai was born at Sialkot in 1724 A.D. His father was Bhai Bhag Mall Khatri. His maternal grandparents were Sikhs and he was married at a young age to Durgi the daughter of Sardar Kishan Singh. Bhai Haqiqat Rai became a Sikh early in his life due to influence of his mother. During Mughal rule, children used to go to mosques to study Persian from Maulvis (Muslim priests). Bhai Haqiqat Rai was also learning Persian from a maulvi. He was the only Sikh while all his other class-mates were Muslims. One day, the maulvi had gone out. Bhai Haqiqat Rai-had a quarrel with a boy. In order to tease Bhai Haqiqat Rai, he called bad names to mother goddess. In anger, Bhai Haqiqat Rai called name to Bibi Fatima in retaliation. When the Muslim boys heard him calling name, all of them gave him a sound thrashing. He returned home weeping.

In the evening, the Muslim boys got together, went to the maulvi and said, “Today, when we said to Haqiqat Rai that their gods and goddesses are made of clay and all are false, he said Bibi Fatima to be false and called her names.” The maulvi said, “Did that infidel call Bibi Fatima names ?” The boys exaggerated the event and said, “When we said to him that we would complain to the maulvi, he replied that he was not afraid of him. His maternal uncles and inlaws are Sikhs. He will get the maulvi eliminated through them.” The maulvi was greatly enraged on hearing this. He said to the boys, “Call that infidel and bring him to me.”

At the message from the boys, Bhai Haqiqat Rai and his father went to the maulvi. As soon as they arrived, the maulvi caught hold of Bhai Haqiqat Rai and started beating him The maulvi beat him to unconsciousness but his anger did not subside. He arrested Bhai Haqiqat Rai and sent him to Amir Beg, the administrator of Sialkot. The next day the qazi said to Bhai Haqiqat Rai in the court, “You have hurt the feelings of believers by calling names to Bibi Fatima for which you should be given severe punishment. For this sin you can be burnt alive after pouring oil on you. you can be torn apart alive from dogs. But your sin may be pardoned if you embrace Islam.” Bhai Haqiqat Rai refused to become a Muslim. By order of Amir Beg, Bhai Haqiqat Rai was hanged feet up from a tree and beaten but he did not agree to embrace Islam.

Amir Beg sent Bhai Haqiqat Rai to Zakria Khan, the Governor of Lahore. Mother Goran said to Bhai Haqiqat Rai, “Son ! No doubt I shall lose a son by your death but if you give up your faith I shall be called the mother of a deserter and faithless son. I pray to God to bestow on you the will to keep your faith even if you have to sacrifice your life.” When Bhai Haqiqat Rai did not agree to embrace Islam even after further torture, he was martyred by the orders of the Governor in January, 1735 A.D.

  1. Copyright © Santokh Singh Jagdev “Bed Time Stories”

Bhai Sati Das Ji

By | Famous Sikhs
bhai sati das ji

bhai sati das ji

Bhai Sati Das (died 1675) along with his elder brother Bhai Mati Das is one of the greatest martyrs in Sikh history. Bhai Sati Das and his elder brother Bhai Mati Das were followers of ninth Sikh Guru, Guru Tegh Bahadur. Bhai Sati Das, Bhai Mati Das and Bhai Dyal Das were all executed at kotwali(police-station) near the Sunehri Masjid in theChandni Chowk area of Old Delhi, under the express orders of emperor Aurangzeb.

Bhai Sati Das was a Mohyal Brahmin of the Chhibber clan. He belonged to the village of Karyala, a stronghold of the Chhibbers, in the Jhelum District in Punjab (Pakistan), about ten kilometres from Chakwal on the road to the Katas Raj Temple Complex. The village stands on the top of the Surla hills. This part of the country is known as Dhani meaning rich. A few kilometres away are the Salt Mines and coal mines of Dandot. The Katas lake is beautiful. Legend connects it to the Mahabharata. It is believed to be the very pool, where the Pandava, Yudhishtira was tested by his father, Lord Yama/Dharma in the form of a Yaksha. A great Hindu fair used to be held there up to 1947.

Sati Das was the son of Hira Nand, a disciple of Guru Har Gobind, under whom he had fought in many battles. He survived the Guru, and a little before his death he had entrusted his two sons, Mati Das and Sati Das to the care of Guru Har Rai, who had assured the dying man of his full attention and help. Both the lads remained attached to the Guru’s family at Kiratpur. When Guru Har Krishan was summoned to Delhi by Aurangzeb, both the brothers, Mati Das and Sati Das, were present in his entourage along with Dyal Das and Gurditta, a descendant of Bhai Budha (different from Baba Gurditta, the son of Guru Hargobind, brother of Guru Teg Bahadur and father of Guru Har Rai).

On Guru Har Krishan’s death at Delhi, these two brothers were included in the deputation of five men containing Dyal Das and Gurditta to declare the nomination of Teg Bahadur as the ninth Guru at the village of Bakala where the new Guru was then residing. The Guru was pleased to offer the two important portfolios of finance and home departments to Mati Das and Sati Das respectively. Both knew Persian well, and were quite familiar with the working of the Guru’s durbar. The department of household affairs was entrusted to Dyal Das.

The two brothers accompanied Guru Teg Bahadur during his journey to Assam. Guru Tegh Bahadur bought a hillock near the village of Makhowal five miles north of Kiratpur and established a new town, which he named as Anandpur (the abode of bliss). Mati Das and Sati Das were present at the foundation of Anandpur. The Guru’s council of administration then consisted of Mati Das, Sati Das, Dyal Das and Gurditta. When the Guru was arrested and taken to Delhi, these four persons followed the Guru

At Delhi, the Guru and his four companions were summoned into the council chamber of the Red Fort. The Guru was asked numerous questions on religion, Hinduism, Sikhism and Islam. It was suggested to the Guru that he should embrace Islam. On the Guru’s emphatic refusal to abjure his faith, he was asked why he was called Teg Bahadur(gladiator or Knight of the Sword; before this, his name had been Tyag Mal). Bhai Mati Das immediately replied that the Guru had won the title by inflicting a heavy blow on the imperial forces at the young age of fourteen. He was reprimanded for his breach of etiquette and outspokenness. As for the Kashmiri Pandits, it was his duty to raise his voice against cruelty and injustice. The Guru and his companions were ordered to be imprisoned and tortured until they agreed to embrace Islam.

After a few days, Guru Teg Bahadur and three of his companions were produced before the Qazi of the city. Gurditta had managed to escape. He remained in hiding in the city, and in spite of all the efforts of the Government, he could not be traced. The Qazi turned to Mati Das first and asked him to embrace Islam. He refused to do so. He was condemned to an instantaneous death.

The executioners were called and the Guru and all the three of his companions were made to sit at the place of the execution. After the martyrdom of Bhai Mati Das and Bhai Dyal Das, Bhai Sati Das moved towards the Guru with folded hands and asked for his blessings, saying that he was happy to achieve martyrdom.

The Guru blessed him telling that they must resign themselves cheerfully to the will of the Lord. He praised him for his lifelong single-minded devotion to him and his cause. With tears in his eyes, he bade him farewell saying his sacrifice would occupy an abiding place in history. Sati Das touched the Guru’s feet, and came to his place.

Bhai Sati Das was wrapped in cotton and set to fire by the executioner. He remained calm and peaceful and kept uttering Waheguru, waheguru-, waheguru-, waheguru, Waheguru………. Fire consumed his body; his immortal soul remained in peaceful joy. His martyrdom is remembered by the Sikhs in their daily prayer.

Image Source :  https://www.flickr.com/photos/hname/4222018298

Bhai Mani Singh Ji

By | Famous Sikhs
Bhai Mani Singh Ji

Bhai Mani Singh Ji

Bhai Mani Singh Ji was a great Sikh personality of eighteenth century. He holds a very high position in our rich history. Bhai Mani Singh Ji was one of the Gursikhs personally chosen by the tenth Guru, Guru Gobind Singh Ji, to hand write Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji as Guru Gobind Singh Ji dictated.

Bhai Mani Singh was blessed with Amrit by the hands of Guru Gobind Singh Ji on the day of the creation of the Khalsa.

For nine months and nine days, Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji dictated Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji from start to finish, from memory and asked Bhai Mani Singh Ji to be the scribe and write down the Bani as Guru Gobind Singh Ji recited. Bhai Mani Singh Ji shared this duty with Baba Deep Singh Ji (Shaheed).

Upon performing this great Seva with Baba Deep Singh Ji and 40 other Singhs, Guru Gobind Singh Ji told Bhai Mani Singh to return to Amritsar and take on the duties of Head Granthi of Sri Harmandar Sahib. Guru Sahib also told Bhai Sahib that there would be a day when Bhai Sahib will need to sacrifice each limb in protection of the Panth.

In 1737, while Bhai Mani Singh Ji was performing his duties as Head Granthi of Darbar Sahib, the mughal government of Lahore (then Panjab) had strictly prohibited the Sikhs to visit Amritsar and bathe in the sarovar around Harmandar Sahib. To overcome this restriction, Bhai Mani Singh Ji applied to Governor Zakariya Khan for permission to hold the Bandhi Shorr festival at the Harmandar Sahib; The permission was granted for a fee of Rs.5,000. Bhai Mani Singh was certain that he would be able to pay the sum out of the offerings that would be made by the Sikhs who were invited to come. When realising a large number of Sikhs would be gathered at Harmandar Sahib, Zakhriya Khan decided to launch an attack on Harmandar Sahib and flush out the Sikhs. Bhai Mani Singh Ji realised Khan’s plan and sent an immediate message out to the Sikh Panth, telling them not to come.


After Bandhi Shorr, Bhai Mani Singh Ji was arrested for not paying the tax imposed on him by the
Governor. Bhai Sahib refused to pay the tax as no Sikhs attended the celebration event. He was asked by the Qazi to embrace Islam or face death. Bhai Mani Singh Ji refused to convert and boldly opted for death. By orders of Zakariya Khan, Bhai Mani Singh Ji was executed in Lahore in December, 1737 BC.

This was a gruesome execution in which Bhai Mani Singh Ji’s executioner was ordered to chop Bhai Mani Singh’s body to pieces, joint by joint. The irony of the execution was that Bhai Mani Singh Ji had the last word. When the executioner started to cut into Bhai Mani Singh’s wrist, Bhai Mani Singh gestured to his finger tips telling the executioner that he should follow the orders of his commander with strictness and not be lenient. Very puzzled by the interruption, the executioner and guards asked Bhai Sahib what he meant. Bhai Mani Singh replied, “you have been ordered to execute me by chopping my joints, have you forgotten that my joints start with my finger tips.” The executioner began to cry in adoration of Bhai Sahib’s faith and belief in Sikhi. As the execution took place Bhai Sahib simply smiled and recited Sri Jap Ji Sahib, as the last of Bhai Sahibs joints were cut the Jap Ji Sahib Paath finished.

So great was the faith and sacrifice of Bhai Mani Singh Ji, that to this day Sikhs all over the world remember the love and faith they had and pay homage to their sacrifice in our daily Ardaas