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guru nanak dev ji Archives - Sikhism Knowledge

Guru Nanak Dev Ji and Namaz

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When Guru Nanak returned home Guru ji gave away most of his possessions to needy people spent a good deal of his time in meditation and satsang. On one occasion he was asked: “Are you a Hindu or a Muslim?” Guru Nanak replied, “With respect to my body, neither. I am no different from Hindus or from Muslims, but the divine light which is unceasingly shining within me (and in everybody) is neither Hindu nor Muslim.”

One time on a Friday, the holy day of the Muslims, the Nawab and other Muslim courtiers were going to the mosque to do their routine prayers (namaz). A Muslim cleric said that if Nanak believed in only one God, Allah, then he should join them in prayer in the mosque. So Guru Nanak went to the mosque with them and stood in the line of Muslim worshippers.

“Deora Masit soi, Pooja namaz ohi”

–> Temple and Mosque are the same, Hindu way of prayer and the muslim method of prayer are the same

During the prayer the worshippers bent down and put their heads on the ground to show their servitude to Allah, but Guru Nanak stood in silence without taking part in the namaz. After the prayers the Muslim cleric questioned Nanak: “We showed our respect to God. Why did you not partake in this with us?” Baba Nanak replied, “I did take part in the prayer but both of you did not.” Then he explained “Your mouth indeed was murmuring the prayers, but your mind was intent on your mare which today has given birth to a colt. Your mind was filled with fear lest the newborn colt might fall in the well. Now, you tell me, how can this kind of prayer be accepted by God?” The cleric felt embarrassed and was mortified.

The Nawab, who was listening to the conversation, asked Nanak, “Tell me, will my prayer be accepted in the heavens?” Baba Nanak replied, “Your mind also was not in the prayer. You were anticipating the arrival of the horses that you have ordered from Kandahar. Your mind was distracted by concerns about buying and selling horses.” The Nawab responded with exasperation, declaring: “Nanak is a mystic, he is a prophet. But, this is my misfortune — he was my minister but now he has become a fakir!”

Guru Nanak Dev then advised them that true worship is a matter of the heart and not of formal ritualism. According to Guru Nanak “There can be no worship without performing good deed.”. Both admitted the truth of Guru’s statements and the Nawab cried aloud to the Qazi,”Thou seest not Khuda (God) speaking to us through Nanak?” The Muslims perform five Namaz at five different times a day. The Guru addressed the meaning and virtue of Namaz:

“Five prayers thou sayest five times a day,

With five different names;

But if Truth be thy first prayer,

The second to honestly earn your daily living,

The third to give in God’s name,

Purity of mind by thy fourth prayer,

And praise and prayer to God thy fifth;

If thou practiseth these five virtues,

And good deeds be thine Kalma- the article of faith,

Then thy can call thyself a true Muslim.

By mere hypocrisy, O Nanak,

A man is deemed false through and through.” (Majh ki Var Mohalla 1, p-141)

Baba Nanak Shah Faquir; Hindu Da Guru, Musalman Da Peer

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Guru Nanak Dev ji, knowing that his time to depart from earth was approaching, appointed Angad Dev ji(formely bhai Lehna ji) his successor. On September 2, 1539 (2 Asu, 1596 Asu vadi 5) Guru Nanak placed five Paise before Bhai Lehna and bowed to him in token of his succession to the Guruship. He placed the umbrella of Spiritual Sovereignty over Bhai Lehna’s head.

“Jot uha jugat sai seih kaya feir paltiai.”

(Ramkali ki Var- Rai Balwand, p-966)

‘Divine Light is the same

The Way and Mode are the same

The Master has merely changed the body.’

(Translation of the above)

When Guruship was passed on to Guru Angad, sangat/people realized that Guru Nanak was soon to depart bodily from the world (As a Divine Light and Spirit, the Guru is always present). The Sikhs, the Hindus and the Muslims came from all over to have holy glimpse of Guru Nanak.

Guru’s Muslim devotees wanted to bury Guruji after his death. whereas the Hindu followers desired to cremate Gurujis body. When Guruji was asked for his decision, he replied,

“Let the Hindus place flowers on my right and the Muslims on my left.

Those whose flowers are found fresh in the morning, may have the disposal rights of my body.”

The Guru drew a sheet over him. When the sheet was removed next morning, there was nothing, but the flowers on both sides were afresh. The light blended with Light and the spirit went back and merged with the Master Spirit.

The Hindus and the Muslims removed their respective flowers and cut the sheet into two. The former cremated the sheet and the latter buried it.

‘Baba Nanak Shah Faquir; Hindu Da Guru, Musalman Da Peer’

Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji died  in Kartarpur, at the age of 70.


“Vasde raho Ujad Jao” – Guru Nanak Dev Ji

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During one of his Udasis Guru Nanak Dev Ji Maharaj along with Bhai Mardana ji visited a village where the people were very mean and did not paid any attention to spiritual values or honesty in their lives.

Upon leaving the village after some days he rose his hand up and blessed the villagers and said – “Vasde raho”(May u prosper). Next day Guru Nanak Dev Ji Maharaj along with Bhai Mardana ji reached another village. In this village contrary to the people of the previous village the residents were very kind, honest and spiritual minded. They respected and paid utmost respect to Guru Nanak Dev ji. Guru ji spent some days there very comfortably and then bid farewell to village.

While leaving, on outskirts of village Guru Nanak Dev Ji Maharaj rose his hand up again said, “Ujad Jao” ( May you get displaced).On hearing this Bhai Mardana ji was taken by surprise. He asked the Guru why he did so. The Guru’s response was simple :

These people are good people with great values, and if they leave the village and go to different parts of the world whereverthey go they will spread these values among the local population. More people will get influenced and become good and ethical ( by doing their sangat). The world will change for the better. Whereas people from the first village had no values and thus must live there only because these are not the values that need to be spread.

“Sat sangati kaisee jaaneeyai. Jithai eko naam vakhaaneeyai” (SGGS 72)

How is the Society of the saintly souls to be known? There, only God’s Name is chanted