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Sikh History

Martyrdom Week Timeline – Shaheedi Hafta

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Timeline of Martyrdom Week when Wadde Sahibzaade Sahibzada Ajit Singh ji,Sahibzada Jujhaar Singh Ji, and Chhotte Sahibzaade Sahibzada Zorawar Singh Ji and Sahibzada Fateh Singh ji got shaheedi at Chamkaur Sahib and Fatehgarh Sahib respectively.

* ਸ਼ਹੀਦੀ ਹਫਤਾ *
20 ਦਸੰਬਰ ਤੋਂ 27 ਦਸੰਬਰ ਤੱਕ

6 ਪੋਹ /20 ਦਸੰਬਰ : ਸਵੇਰੇ ਗੁਰੂ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਨੇ ਪਰਿਵਾਰ ਸਮੇਤ ਅਨੰਦਪੁਰ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਦਾ ਕਿਲਾ ਛੱਡਿਆ ।

6 ਪੋਹ /20 ਦਸੰਬਰ : ਦੀ ਰਾਤ ਗੁਰੂ ਜੀ ਅਤੇ ਵਡੇ ਸਾਹਿਬਜ਼ਾਦੇ ਕੋਟਲਾ ਨਿਹੰਗ ਰੋਪੜ ਵਿਖੇ ਨਿਹੰਗ ਖਾਂ ਕੋਲ ਰਹੇ

ਛੋਟੇ ਸਾਹਿਬਜ਼ਾਦੇ ਅਤੇ ਮਾਤਾ ਗੁਜਰੀ ਜੀ ਕੁੰਮੇ ਮਾਸ਼ਕੀ ਦੀ ਝੁਗੀ ਵਿਚ ਰਹੇ

7 ਪੋਹ/21 ਦਸੰਬਰ : ਗੁਰੂ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਅਤੇ ਵਡੇ ਸਾਹਿਬਜ਼ਾਦੇ ਸ਼ਾਮ ਤੱਕ ਚਮਕੌਰ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਪਹੁੰਚੇ

ਛੋਟੇ ਸਾਹਿਬਜ਼ਾਦੇ ਅਤੇ ਮਾਤਾ ਗੁਜਰੀ ਜੀ ਨੂੰ ਗੰਗੂ ਬ੍ਰਾਹਮਣ ਆਪਣੇ ਪਿੰਡ ਖੇੜੀ ਲੈ ਗਿਆ

8 ਪੋਹ/ 22 ਦਸੰਬਰ : ਚਮਕੋਰ ਗੜੀ ਦੀ ਜੰਗ ਸ਼ੁਰੂ ਹੋਈ ਬਾਬਾ ਅਜੀਤ ਸਿੰਘ ਜੀ ਉਮਰ 17 ਸਾਲ ਭਾਈ ਮੋਹਕਮ ਸਿੰਘ (ਪੰਜਾ ਪਿਆਰਿਆਂ ਵਿਚੋਂ ) ਅਤੇ 7 ਹੋਰ ਸਿੰਘਾ ਨਾਲ ਸ਼ਹੀਦ ਹੋਏ

ਬਾਬਾ ਜੁਝਾਰ ਸਿੰਘ ਉਮਰ 14 ਸਾਲ ਭਾਈ ਹਿੰਮਤ ਸਿੰਘ ਅਤੇ ਭਾਈ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਸਿੰਘ (ਪੰਜਾ ਪਿਆਰਿਆਂ ਵਾਲੇ ) ਅਤੇ ਤਿੰਨ ਹੋਰ ਸਿੰਘਾਂ ਸਮੇਤ ਸ਼ਹੀਦ ਹੋਏ ਅਤੇ

8 ਪੋਹ / 22 ਦਸੰਬਰ : ਨੂੰ ਹੀ ਮੋਰਿੰਡੇ ਦੇ ਚੋਧਰੀ ਗਨੀ ਖਾਨ ਅਤੇ ਮਨੀ ਖਾਨ ਮਾਤਾ ਗੁਜਰ ਕੌਰ ਜੀ ਅਤੇ ਛੋਟੇ ਸਾਹਿਬਜ਼ਾਦਿਆਂ ਨੂੰ ਗੰਗੂ ਦੇ ਘਰੋਂ ਗ੍ਰਿਫਤਾਰ ਕਰਕੇ ਤੁਰ ਪਏ

9 ਪੋਹ / 23 ਦਿਸੰਬਰ : ਨੂੰ ਰਾਤ ਰਹਿੰਦੀ ਤੜਕ ਸਾਰ ਗੁਰੂ ਸਾਹਿਬ ਸਿੰਘਾ ਦੇ ਹੁਕਮ ਅੰਦਰ ਚਮਕੋਰ ਦੀ ਗੜੀ ਵਿਚੋਂ ਨਿਕਲ ਗਏ

9 ਪੋਹ /23 ਦਿਸੰਬਰ : ਦੀ ਰਾਤ ਦਸ਼ਮੇਸ਼ ਜੀ ਨੇ ਮਾਛੀਵਾੜੇ ਦੇ ਜੰਗਲ ਵਿੱਚ ਅਤੇ ਦਾਦੀ ਸਮੇਤ ਸਾਹਿਬਜ਼ਾਦਿਆਂ ਨੇ ਸਰਹਿੰਦ ਦੇ ਠੰਡੇ ਬੁਰਜ ਵਿਚ ਗੁਜਾਰੀ

10 ਅਤੇ 11 ਪੋਹ/ 24 ਅਤੇ 25 ਦਸੰਬਰ : ਦੋ ਦਿਨ ਸਾਹਿਬਜ਼ਾਦਿਆਂ ਨੂੰ ਸਰਹਿੰਦ ਦੇ ਸੂਬੇ ਨਵਾਬ ਵਜ਼ੀਰ ਖਾਨ ਦੀ ਕਚਹਿਰੀ ਵਿਚ ਪੇਸ਼ ਕੀਤਾ ਗਿਆ ਅਤੇ

ਪਿਤਾ ਦਸ਼ਮੇਸ਼ ਜੀ ਉੱਚ ਦੇ ਪੀਰ ਬਣ ਪਿੰਡ ਆਲਮਗੀਰ ਤੱਕ ਸਫਰ ਵਿੱਚ ਰਹੇ

12 ਪੋਹ / 26 ਦਸੰਬਰ: ਬਾਬਾ ਜ਼ੋਰਾਵਰ ਸਿੰਘ ਉਮਰ 7 ਸਾਲ ਅਤੇ ਬਾਬਾ ਫਤਿਹ ਸਿੰਘ ਉਮਰ 5 ਸਾਲ ਸੀ ਦੋਵੇਂ ਨੀਹਾਂ ਵਿੱਚ ਚਿਣ ਕੇ ਸ਼ਹੀਦ ਕੀਤੇ ਗਏ।

ਮਾਤਾ ਗੁਜਰ ਕੌਰ ਜੀ ਠੰਢੇ ਬੁਰਜ ਵਿੱਚ ਸਵਾਸ ਤਿਆਗ ਗਏ।

13 ਪੋਹ ./ 27 ਦਸੰਬਰ ਨੂੰ ਤਿੰਨਾ ਦਾ ਦੇਹ ਸਸਕਾਰ ਸਤਿਕਾਰ ਯੋਗ ਮੋਤੀ ਰਾਮ ਮਹਿਰਾ ਅਤੇ ਟੋਡਰ ਮੱਲ ਨੇ ਮਿਲ ਕੇ ਕੀਤਾ ।

Golden Temple Heritage Path

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The path from Town Hall to Golden Temple will be a heritage walk for all visitors. From Baba Saheb Ambedkar Statue to Maharaja Ranjit Singh, From Martyred Singhs to Festival Timings, the walk will take you in different eras before you reach the Golden Temple Complex.

Golden Temple Heritage Path - sikhismknowleddge.com - @amritsarovar

Golden Temple Heritage Path - sikhismknowleddge.com - @amritsarovar

Golden Temple Heritage Path - sikhismknowleddge.com - @amritsarovar

Golden Temple Heritage Path - sikhismknowleddge.com - @amritsarovar

Golden Temple Heritage Path - sikhismknowleddge.com - @amritsarovar

Golden Temple Heritage Path - sikhismknowleddge.com - @amritsarovar

Golden Temple Heritage Path - sikhismknowleddge.com - @amritsarovar

Golden Temple Heritage Path - sikhismknowleddge.com - @amritsarovar

A Pound Of Flesh

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There’s a story about a saint who lived in his own anand, he cared about everyone and everyone loved him. Another blessed man also lived in the same town. One day a childless woman went to see the blessed man, she said , ‘Ask your God to grant me a son’. The Blessed man went to the top of the mountain and spoke to God of the poor woman’s request. He came back and told the lady, ‘God said that there are no children in your destiny’.

A few days later, the woman came back full of joy and happiness, she was giving sweets to one and all, the blessed man asked what she was celebrating. She replied, ‘The Saint has said I will be blessed with a beautiful baby boy, my dreams have come true!’.

The blessed man couldn’t understand it, he climbed the mountain and asked God ‘O Lord You said the lady had no children in her destiny, yet the saint has granted her a son. How can he overrule your decision?’ God replied, ‘O Blessed Man, before I answer that, go to the town and tell my children’s (villagers) that God wants a pound of their flesh.’

The Blessed Man spent the next few days telling everyone, they looked at him and ran away, no-one was prepared to give a pound of flesh. Then the Saint met him and he told him of the strange request to which the saint replied, ‘O Blessed Man, go back to God and ask him from which part of my body he wants it from.’

On top of the mountain the blessed man said to God, ‘Only the saint was prepared to obey your command, Lord. Even I was scared to obey it.’ God then answered him, ‘My Saint is prepared to die for me, I am bound by what he says. My saint can overturn destiny, everything belongs to the saint.’

Bibi Basant Lata Kaur Jee

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“When the Mughal forces laid siege around Anandpur Sahib, many Singhs deserted the Guru, including the 40 Singhs who later became the 40 Muktas. Guru Gobind Singh Jee asked Bibi Basant Kaur if she wanted to leave the fort, as there would be terrible hardships in the coming months. However Bibi Jee politely declined, saying that she would not leave her Guru whatever the circumstances.

After some months of real difficulties and hunger, Guru Gobind Singh Jee decided to leave Anandpur Sahib at the request of his Sikhs. Evading the Mughal forces, the Guru and his Sikhs reached the River Sirsa. It was the winter months, and due to the cold weather and fast flowing river current, the Sikhs got scattered. Guru Gobind Singh Jee, Sahibzada Ajit Singh and Sahibzada Jujhar Singh got separated from Mata Gujjer Kaur ( Mata Gujri), Sahibzada Zorawar Singh and Sahibzada Fateh Singh.

Bibi Basant Kaur was with Mata Gujjer Kaur at this critical time, leading Mata Jee’s horse through the River Sarsa. Mata Jee’s horse led her to the other side of the river, but Bibi Basant Kaur got swept away by the cold but rapidly flowing river water. As the river carried her for some distance, she fell unconscious due to the horrendously cold water. Finally her body was washed up on the side of the riverbank.

A Mughal soldier, Samund Khan, seeing Bibi Basant Kaur unconscious, took advantage of her vulnerability and took her to his house. When she regained her consciousness, he asked her to accept Islam and become his wife. He said if she accepted his wishes, she would have all the material pleasures that she could ever dream of. Bibi Jee replied: “I could have left my Guru months ago and not had to endure such hardships at Anandpur Sahib. I will never leave my Guru.” Samund Khan was taken aback by Bibi Jee’s response, but thought leaving her locked up and hungry in a cell for some days would easily break her resolve.

Bibi Basant Kaur’s health was already in a bad state, but throughout her stay in the cell, she resolved to make Gurbani her Aasra. She sat cross-legged in one spot, but with deep concentration and faith in Waheguroo, she kept doing Sukhmani Sahib da Paath. No fears about the future could remove her concentration from Guru Jee and Gurbani.

When Samund Khan came to Bibi Jee after eight days, her resolve was nowhere near broken. This left Samund Khan seething with anger. Evil thoughts crossed his mind. He started to move towards Bibi Jee. Bibi Jee realised the situation, and started praying to Kalgidhaar Dasmesh Pita.

Samund Khan was saying in an antagonising and sarcastic manner “what’s your Guru going to do for you now? Are you ready to accept Islam now?” Bibi Jee responded “My Guru is always with me. You cannot do anything to me.” “Don’t lie … your Guru is nowhere to be seen,” he said in a taunting manner, as he moved further towards Bibi Jee. Bibi Jee started to do Ardaas to Guru Sahib with even greater pyaar and faith. Suddenly, out of nowhere, Bibi Jee said “My Guru is here.” He was now within touching distance of Bibi Jee. He said, “I cannot see him … you’re imagining things.” Bibi Jee said, “you will not be able to see him … you’re a Paapi person, full of the 5 vices. Only those with high Kamayee can see him. My Guru Jee is here with me.”

“gur maerai sa(n)g sadh aa hai n aalae || simar simar this sadhaa samh aalae ||1|| rehaao ||”

My Guru is always with me, near at hand. Meditating, meditating in remembrance on Him, I cherish Him forever. ||7||Pause|| – Guru Granth Sahib Ji Pg 394

At this instance, Samund Khan tried to move further towards Bibi Jee, yet his body had now frozen. Although he could see with his eyes and speak with his mouth, all his body’s muscle had frozen, as if he was a statue. Bibi Jee had realised what her Guru Jee had done. She asked, “I thought you said my Guru would not save me? I thought you said he was not here?”

After a few minutes of being frozen like a statue, he started begging Bibi Jee to do Ardaas to unfreeze him. Bibi Jee said that her Ardaas would only happen if Samund Khan promised to be a decent God-fearing person. Samund Khan readily agreed. Bibi Jee did her Ardaas, and Guru Gobind Singh Jee unfroze the Mughal soldier. For the following few weeks, having seen the Kamayee and Gursikhi Jeevan of Bibi Basant Kaur, he served Bibi Jee very well whilst Bibi Jee continued doing Bhagti. He then took Bibi Jee personally to Dina Kangoor to re-unite Bibi Jee with Guru Gobind Singh Jee.

What can we learn from this episode?

Guru Jee is always with us, but only those fortunate souls with high Bhagti and Naam Jeevan realise this. Such souls can speak, feed, see and call upon their Guru all the time and at any time.

If we are to reach this stage, we must have full faith in the Guru, incorporate his teachings into our lives and never leave the Guru … just like Bibi Basant Kaur Jee.

If we become Bhagats of Waheguroo, Waheguroo will always preserve our honour, saving us physically whilst having mortal form and saving us forever once our soul leaves the body.

Source: www.sikhs.nl

Bhagat Namdev Ji and Bhagat Trilochan Ji

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“Jin Prem Kiyo Tin Hi Prabh Paayo” – Guru Gobind Singh ji => Pure Love Leads to God

Trilochan awoke early daily just to have sight of Namdev,

Together they would concentrate on the Lord and Namdev would tell him the grand stories of God.

(Trilochan asked Namdev) “kindly pray for me so that if the Lord accepts, I may also have a glimpse of His blessed vision.”

Namdev asked Thakur, the Lord, as to how Trilochan could have sight of the Lord ? The Lord God smiled and explained to Naamdev;

“No offerings are needed by me. Out of my delight only, I would make Trilochan to have sight of me. ”

i am under the total control of the devotees and their loving claims i can never reject; rather I myself also cannot understand them.

Their loving devotion, in fact, becomes mediator and makes them meet me.”

– Bhai Gurdaas Ji in Vaars Bhai Gurdaas on Pannaa 10

 

The way of the Khalsa – Sant Sipahee

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There is a Sakhi (historic event) about a great Sant Sipahee.(Saint-Soldier).. he truly had attained one-ness with Waheguru ji and had mastered weaponary too. In the battlefield he fought for justice. His opponent had been overpowered and lay on his back on the floor. The Sant-sipahee was about to destroy the sinner by plunging the sword of Akal into his chest, when the opponent spat in the Sant-Sipahee’s face.

The Sant-Sipahee’s blood boiled, rage and fury burned him for a moment, he raised his sword with new fervour.but stopped the sword in mid-swing!. The enemy was shocked, expecting to be dead, he grunted ‘Kill Me Sikh, you have beaten me’.

The Sant-Sipahee replied, ‘Before I was fighting for justice, against the evil actions of your army, and destroying you was destroying injustice . When you spat in my face I wanted to kill you because you insulted ME. I was going to kill you out of ANGER AND HATE which would have been wrong and against the principle of Sikhi/Khalsa. I would have to have been reborn because of that, so I have spared you’.

The enemy soldier was so incredibly amazed at the Khalsa soldier, that within a few months he left his troops and joined the Khalsa.

Criticise and Punish the Actions,

Love the Person…… It’s a hard path to follow …. finer than a hair and

sharper than a sword .

“Kabeera, janaa gyan tah Dharam hai jahaa jhooth tah paap” – (Guru Granth Sahib Ji) Kabeer, where there is spiritual wisdom, there is righteousness and Dharma. Where there is falsehood, there is sin.

Humility : Baba Sri Chand Ji meeting the Fourth Guru

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Once the elder son of Guru Nanak Sahib Jee, Baba Sri Chand Ji went to Amritsar to visit Guru Raam Daas Sahib Jee, the fourth heir to the throne of Guru Nanak Sahib Jee.

Baba Sri Chand Jee tried to belittle and laugh at the Guru. He said, “O Raam Daas! Why is your beard so long?” The Guru replied “I have a long beard to wipe the feet of holy men like you.” The Guru Sahib’s humility hit Baba Sri Chand Jee who fell at the feet of Guru Sahib and he said; “Now I know why I didn’t become chosen to be Guru and instead you are sitting on my father’s throne.”

“Kabeera, janaa gyan tah Dharam hai jahaa jhooth tah paap Jahaa lobh tah kaal, jahaa khima tah aap”

Kabeer, where there is spiritual wisdom, there is righteousness and Dharma. Where there is falsehood, there is sin.

Where there is greed, there is death. Where there is forgiveness, there is God Himself. –> Bhagat Kabeer, SGGS

 

Bibi Harsharan Kaur – Final Shaheed of the Battle of Chamkaur

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In the battle of Chamkaur, Guru Gobind Singh jee and 40 starving Singhs battle the Mughal army. The battle which took place in Chamkaur’s mud fort lasted 72 hours and saw the loss of many Mughal soldiers and also 36 of Guru Gobind Singh jee’s companions along with the two Sahibzadas. Fighting an army of hundreds of thousands, Guru Gobind Singh jee gave an exhibition of his battle skills. Guru jee, following the orders of the Panth Khalsa (in the form of the Punj Pyaaray) left the fort along with Bhai Daya Singh, Bhai Maan Singh and one other Singh, after giving his clothes to Bhai Sangat Singh jee to wear. Only Bhai Sangat Singh and Bhai Sant Singh fought the battle to its end. They too were martyred. Seeing Guru jee’s clothes on Bhai Sangat Singh, the Mughals were ecstatic and taking him to be Guru Gobind Singh, cut off his head and took it to Delhi.

In every village it was announced that Guru Gobind Singh had been killed, “Look here at his chopped off head! His family is also finished. His two sons were killed in the battle and the two younger ones will also die abandoned. The revolution has been crushed. No one should go to the Chamkaur Fort. No one should cremate the dead Singhs.”

A tight cordon was put around the Fort. As the soldiers were going from village to village making their announcement, the people were retreating in terror into their homes. However, in village Khroond, a daughter of Guru Gobind Singh, Bibi Harsharan Kaur, asked for her mother’s permission to peform the final rites for the Shaheeds. Her old mother replied, “it is total darkness outside and soldiers are everywhere around the fort, how will you even go near?”

Hearing this, Kalgeedhar’s lioness daughter replied with resolve “I will avoid the soldiers and perform the cremation, and if need be, I’ll fight and die.”

The mother gave her courage and hugged her daughter and then explained the maryada to follow for the cremation. After performing Ardaas, Bibi Harsharan Kaur left for the Chamkaur Fort.

The battlefield which saw iron smashing against iron, the bellows of elephants, the trotting of hooves and calls of “Kill! Capture!”, was now totally silent and enveloped in complete darkness. In such a situation, the 16 year old girl Bibi Harsharan Kaur avoided the guards and arrived at the Fort. She saw that bodies were lying everywhere and distinguishing between Sikh and Mughal was very difficult. She still had faith and began to find arms with kaRas and torsos with kachheras and heads with long kesh. As she found a body, she would wipe the face of every shaheed. Both Sahibzadas and about 30
shaheeds were found and then she began to collect wood. Fearing the approaching light of dawn, Bibi Harsharan Kaur worked very quickly and soon prepared a pyre. She then lit the fire.

Seeing the rising flames, the guards were shocked and advanced towards the pyre. Bibi Harsharan Kaur was seen in the light of the flames sitting beside the pyre. She was quietly reciting Keertan Sohilaa. The guards were shocked and confused as to how a lone woman could come into the fort on such a dark night. The guards asked in a loud voice, “Who are you?!”

Bibi jee: I am the daughter of Guru Gobind Singh

Officer: What are you doing here?

Bibi Jee: I am cremating my martyred brothers.

officer: Don’t you know about the order that coming here is a crime?

Bibi Jee: I know it.

Officer: Then why have you disobeyed that order?

Bibi Jee: The orders of a false king do not stand before the orders of the Sachay Patshah (True King)

officer: Meaning?

Bibi Jee: Meaning that I have respect for the Singhs in my heart and with the Guru’s grace I have done my duty. I don’t care about your King’s orders.

Hearing such stern answers from Bibi Harsharan Kaur, the infuriated Mughal soldiers attempted to capture her and attacked. Bibi jee grabbed her kirpaan and fought back with determination. After killing and maiming many soldiers, Bibi Harsharan Kaur was injured and fell to the ground. The soldiers picked Bibi Harsharan Kaur up and threw her into the pyre, burning her alive.

The next day the cordon around the Fort was lifted because it was clear that the Sahibzadas and most of the Shaheed Singhs had been cremated. The ancestors of the Phulkiaan family, Rama and Triloka, then cremated whichever Singhs remained. The story of Bibi Harsharan Kaur reached Guru Gobind Singh jee Mahaaraaj in Talvandee Sabo (Damdama Sahib).

Upon hearing of her daughter’s martyrdom, the old mother thanked Akaal Purakh. She said, “my daughter has proven herself worthy.” The story of the cremation of the Chamkaur Shaheeds will forever serve as a glowing star of inspiration for all Singhs and Singhnees.

Guru Nanak Dev Ji and Namaz

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When Guru Nanak returned home Guru ji gave away most of his possessions to needy people spent a good deal of his time in meditation and satsang. On one occasion he was asked: “Are you a Hindu or a Muslim?” Guru Nanak replied, “With respect to my body, neither. I am no different from Hindus or from Muslims, but the divine light which is unceasingly shining within me (and in everybody) is neither Hindu nor Muslim.”

One time on a Friday, the holy day of the Muslims, the Nawab and other Muslim courtiers were going to the mosque to do their routine prayers (namaz). A Muslim cleric said that if Nanak believed in only one God, Allah, then he should join them in prayer in the mosque. So Guru Nanak went to the mosque with them and stood in the line of Muslim worshippers.

“Deora Masit soi, Pooja namaz ohi”

–> Temple and Mosque are the same, Hindu way of prayer and the muslim method of prayer are the same

During the prayer the worshippers bent down and put their heads on the ground to show their servitude to Allah, but Guru Nanak stood in silence without taking part in the namaz. After the prayers the Muslim cleric questioned Nanak: “We showed our respect to God. Why did you not partake in this with us?” Baba Nanak replied, “I did take part in the prayer but both of you did not.” Then he explained “Your mouth indeed was murmuring the prayers, but your mind was intent on your mare which today has given birth to a colt. Your mind was filled with fear lest the newborn colt might fall in the well. Now, you tell me, how can this kind of prayer be accepted by God?” The cleric felt embarrassed and was mortified.

The Nawab, who was listening to the conversation, asked Nanak, “Tell me, will my prayer be accepted in the heavens?” Baba Nanak replied, “Your mind also was not in the prayer. You were anticipating the arrival of the horses that you have ordered from Kandahar. Your mind was distracted by concerns about buying and selling horses.” The Nawab responded with exasperation, declaring: “Nanak is a mystic, he is a prophet. But, this is my misfortune — he was my minister but now he has become a fakir!”

Guru Nanak Dev then advised them that true worship is a matter of the heart and not of formal ritualism. According to Guru Nanak “There can be no worship without performing good deed.”. Both admitted the truth of Guru’s statements and the Nawab cried aloud to the Qazi,”Thou seest not Khuda (God) speaking to us through Nanak?” The Muslims perform five Namaz at five different times a day. The Guru addressed the meaning and virtue of Namaz:

“Five prayers thou sayest five times a day,

With five different names;

But if Truth be thy first prayer,

The second to honestly earn your daily living,

The third to give in God’s name,

Purity of mind by thy fourth prayer,

And praise and prayer to God thy fifth;

If thou practiseth these five virtues,

And good deeds be thine Kalma- the article of faith,

Then thy can call thyself a true Muslim.

By mere hypocrisy, O Nanak,

A man is deemed false through and through.” (Majh ki Var Mohalla 1, p-141)

Garib Da Muh Guru Ki Golak

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Guru HarGobind ji once visited Kashmir. There lived his faithful follower Sewa Das who was always longing to serve the Guru. Sewa Das lived in the town of Srinagar ( capital of Kashmir) where the Guru planned to go. On the way, however, another faithful follower, Kattu Shah, met the Guru and requested him to stay with him in his cottage for some days. The Guru promised to stay with Kattu Shah on his way back. He advised Kattu Shah to sing God’s praises and serve the needy. Kattu Shah was very faithful and did as Guru had adviced.

One day a group of pilgrims, on their way to see the Guru, broke their journey at Kattu’s cottage. Kattu served them water and did lot of Sewa. He did all that he could for the Sangat. Kattu himself was very hungry and noticed a honeypot which the pilgrims were carrying for the Guru and requested them to show him the honey. When the pilgrims showed it to him he asked if he could have a little on his finger to taste, but the pilgrims refused, saying, “We cannot offer you any honey because it is meant for the Guru only and we cannot offer your leavings to the Guru.”

Next day the pilgrims reached the Guru’s camp and placed the offering before him. The Guru looked at the honeypot but declined to accept, saying, “I have asked for the same on the way but you refused.” This shocked the Sikhs who begged for pardon and requested Guru ji to please enlighten them with the knowledge of when did they declined to hand over the honey to Guru ji whereupon he said, “Listen my friends, the idea of the offerings is that those who can spare should help others in need. The offerings you bring to me are for the common good. God wants us to help and share with the needy. With the help of your offerings, Guru Arjan (5th Guru) started a home for lepers at Tarn Taran (Punjab ). Wherever you find a needy person, place your offerings there and understand that in this way they will reach the Guru. The offerings that do not reach the needy are useless.

Take this honeypot away, this has become unfit for Human consumption as a result of refusing to help the needy in whom is the spirit of the Guru. Go to my kitchen, prepare fresh honey and take it to Kattu Shah at once.”

All the Sikhs bowed before the Guru and understood the right way of making offerings.

gurasikhaa a(n)dhar sathigur varathai chun kadtae ladhhovaarae ||

= > The True Guru prevails among His GurSikhs; they pick out and expel the wanderers. (Guru Raam Daas Ji, Raag Gauree, 312).

so guroo so sikh hai bhaaee jis jothee joth milaae ||11| ( Raag Sorath, 602).

=> He alone is the Guru, and he alone is a Sikh, O Siblings of Destiny, whose light merges in the Light. ||1||

source : www.sikhs.nl